May 12, 2006
Greenspire Linden
Shades the front of the house all summer.


Greenspire Linden
Growth Chart
Detailed Facts
Julie's Trees

Facts at a Glance
Tilia cordata -

Cultivar of
littleleaf linden

Planted June 1997
Planting height: 12'
Planting trunk: 2"

2006 Update
9-yr height: 30'
9-yr trunk: 26"

Mature Height: 40 to 50'
Spread: 35 to 45'
Growth rate: Medium
Form: Pyramidal to oval
Flowers: Yellow, fragrant
Fall color: Yellow
Hardiness zone: 4 - 7
Culture: Sun, light shade

Best feature:
Shape, fragrance

Worst problem:
Dense branches

Do over? Yes

Funny Thing About Trees in Winter

Linden: Still Going, but Not Gone

First Sign of Fall

Confessions of the Crazy Tree Lady: Part 1

Nervously Bringing Air to the Linden Tree


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A Tree Grower's Diary
Greenspire Linden


Photographs and text by Julie Walton Shaver

Linden flowers, May to July

Key identifying features.. Oblong yellow flowers atop pale to medium green heart-shaped leaves in early summer.

Common name.. Greenspire Linden (a cultivar of littleleaf linden)

Scientific name.. Tilia cordata - 'Greenspire'

Mature height.. 40 to 50 feet

Mature spread.. 35 to 45 feet

Form.. Pyramidal in youth, becoming oval at maturity.

Fruit.. Tiny inconspicuous nut. (I don't recall ever seeing any nuts on my tree.)

Flowers.. Fragrant pale yellow, early summer flowers atop light to medium green leaves. (Flowers attract bees, beetles and aphids, but this rarely causes serious damage, except in new transplants.)

Foliage.. Deciduous; medium shiny green in summer, pale yellow in fall. Leaves are distinctly heart-shaped with serrated edges, alternate, simple.

Heart-shaped leaves

Growth rate.. Textbooks list this tree with a "medium" growth rate, but mine has grown upwards of 2 feet a year. See the growth chart for pictures.

Hardiness zones.. 4 through 7

Culture.. Prefers full sun to light shade. Will grow dense in rich, moist soil, but will tolerate drought once established.

Best time to prune.. Late fall through late winter, but the tree grows so fast and droops so much at the outer edges now (May 2006) that I prune when necessary for walking and lawn mower clearance.

Of special note.. This tree is susceptible to leaf galls.

Leaf galls, May 12, 2005

Not to worry.. Galls tend to form on some of my linden tree's leaves in spring. From my estimation, about 10 percent of the leaves are usually affected with at least a few galls. Galls form when insects or mites lay eggs or feed while on (or inside) the tree. Chemical secretions from the egg-laying adult insects and the saliva from feeding larvae stimulates the leaves to produce an abundance of cells to fend off the attack. While a bit unsightly, galls are not life-threatening to trees and have no impact on tree health other than occasional early leaf fall and dieback of smaller branches. Since I'm not worried about the health of my tree, I will take no action.

Julie's Comments.. This tree was planted in memory of my dad, Bill Walton. My dad loved yellow flowers and since this tree has yellow flowers through June -- the month of my dad's birthday and Father's Day too, I always think of him when I appreciate this tree. Since the house faces west, we planted the tree in front of the bay window to provide shade for the living room, effectively reducing our afternoon air-conditioning needs. This is one of my favorite trees. Symmetrical. Functional. Beautiful.

Planting day. Click the picture to see the growth chart.

Planting date.. June 1997. This was the first tree we planted. Burlap ball. 2-inch diameter trunk. Height: 12 feet.

DO OVER?.. Yes.


See Julie's Greenspire Linden Journal
See the Greenspire Linden growth chart
Read the latest Tree Grower's Diary blog entry

From Julie's Notebook

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